Example of Sentences with Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement

Pronoun-antecedent agreement is a basic principle in language use. It refers to the appropriate matching of pronouns to their corresponding antecedents, which are the nouns or pronouns that the pronouns refer to or replace. A pronoun must agree in both number and gender with its antecedent to avoid confusion, ambiguity, or grammatical errors.

Here are some examples of sentences with correct pronoun-antecedent agreement:

1. John is a great employee. He always completes his tasks on time.

In this example, “John” is the antecedent of the pronoun “he.” Both “John” and “he” refer to the same male subject, so the pronoun matches the antecedent in gender and number.

2. The book that I am reading is interesting. It is a detective story.

In this example, “book” is the antecedent of the pronoun “it.” Both “book” and “it” refer to the same object, so the pronoun matches the antecedent in number.

3. Sarah and her sisters went to the mall. They bought new clothes.

In this example, “Sarah and her sisters” is the antecedent of the pronoun “they.” Both “Sarah and her sisters” and “they” refer to the same group of female subjects, so the pronoun matches the antecedent in gender and number.

4. The students were happy with their grades. They celebrated by going out for pizza.

In this example, “students” is the antecedent of the pronoun “they.” Both “students” and “they” refer to the same group of subjects, so the pronoun matches the antecedent in number.

5. Every child in the classroom brought their own backpack. They were all different colors.

In this example, “child” and “backpack” are the antecedents of the pronoun “they.” However, there is a problem with this sentence because the pronoun “their” is plural, while “child” is singular. A better way to write this sentence would be: “Every child in the classroom brought his or her own backpack. They were all different colors.” This sentence uses the singular “his or her” to match the singular “child” and the plural “they” to match the plural “backpacks.”

In summary, pronoun-antecedent agreement is an important aspect of grammar and language use. It helps to clarify the meaning and avoid confusion or errors in communication. By paying attention to the number and gender of the antecedent, we can choose the appropriate pronoun to match it and write clear and effective sentences.